31 March 2019

DECEMBER BIRTHSTONES – ZIRCON  is a colorful gem with high refraction and fire that’s unfairly confused with cubic zirconia.
Mineral: Zircon;
Chemistry: ZrSiO4;
Color: Blue, red, yellow, orange, brown, green;
Birefringence: 0.000 to 0.059 (low to high);
Specific gravity: 3.90 to 4.73;
Mohs harness: 6 to 7.5 (low to high);
COLOR: The most valuable colors of zircon are blue, bright red, and green;
CLARITY: Zircon is often eye-clean. Gems with noticeable inclusions are less valuable;
CUT: To maximize its brilliance, zircon is most often cut in rounds and ovals;
CARAT WEIGHT: Zircon in fine quality is rare in large sizes. Zircon weighs more than most gems of like size;
DECEMBER BIRTHSTONES – TANZANITE Poised between lush blue, vibrant violet, and rich purple, exotic tanzanite is found in only one place on earth, near majestic Mount Kilimanjaro.
Mineral: Zoisite;
Chemistry: Ca2Al3(SiO4)3(OH);
Color: Violet blue to bluish violet to violet purple;
Refractive index: 1.691 to 1.700;
Birefringence: 0.008 to 0.013;
Specific gravity: 3.35;
Mohs harness: 6 to 7;
COLOR: Deep saturated violet blue or blue violet are the most valuable tanzanite colors. Paler hues are more commonly found;
CLARITY: Eye-visible inclusions decrease the value of tanzanite, particularly in lighter colored stones;
CUT: Tanzanite is available in a wide range of shapes but cushion and oval cuts are most common;
CARAT WEIGHT: Tanzanite color is less saturated in smaller sizes. Gems must be above five carats in size to have fine color;
DECEMBER BIRTHSTONES – TURQUOISE Azure sky, robin’s egg blue: Vivid shades of turquoise define the color that’s named after this gem.
Mineral: Turquoise;
Chemistry: CuAl6(PO4)4 (OH)8.5H2O;
Color: Blue to green;
Refractive index: 1.610 to 1.650;
Birefringence: Not detectable;
Specific gravity: 2.76 (+0.14, -0.36);
Mohs harness: 5 to 6;
COLOR: The even blue color of this cabochon would be called Persian blue in the trade;
CLARITY: These free-form turquoise cabochons show a typical matrix pattern;
CUT: Although turquoise is usually cut into beads and cabochons, it can also be carved;
CARAT WEIGHT: Cutters work around large areas of matrix to yield pieces of evenly colored turquoise~31.jpg

30 March 2019

NOVEMBER BIRTHSTONES – CITRINE  is the transparent, pale yellow to brownish orange variety of quartz. Citrine is rare in nature. In the days before modern gemology, its tawny color caused it to be confused with topaz. Today, its attractive color, plus the durability and affordability it shares with most other quartzes, makes it the top-selling yellow-to-orange gem. In the contemporary market, citrine’s most popular shade is an earthy, deep, brownish or reddish orange.
Mineral: Quartz;
Chemistry: SiO2;
Color: Yellow to orange to orangy red;
Refractive index: 1.544 to 1.553;
Specific gravity: 2.66 (+0.03/-0.02);
Mohs harness: 7;
COLOR: Vivid yellows, reddish oranges, and earth tones are popular with consumers;
CLARITY: Eye-visible inclusions are not common in citrine. If present, they decrease its value;
CUT: Citrine might be carved, custom-cut, or calibrated for jewelry use;
CARAT WEIGHT: Citrine is available in a wide range of sizes for setting into a variety of jewelry styles;
NOVEMBER BIRTHSTONES – TOPAZ Honey yellow. Fiery orange. Cyclamen pink. Icy blue. In warm or cool tones, topaz is a lustrous and brilliant gem. Topaz actually has an exceptionally wide color range that, besides brown, includes various tones and saturations of blue, green, yellow, orange, red, pink, and purple. Colorless topaz is plentiful, and is often treated to give it a blue color. Topaz is also pleochroic, meaning that the gem can show different colors in different crystal directions.
Mineral: Topaz;
Chemistry: Al2(F,OH)2SiO4;
Color: Yellow, orange, brown, pink to red to purple red, blue, light green and colorless;
Refractive index: 1.619 to 1.627;
Birefringence: 0.008 to 0.010;
Specific gravity: 3.53;
Mohs harness: 8;
COLOR: The most valued topaz colors are orangy red to red. Blue gems are widely available;
CLARITY: Topaz used in jewelry is typically eye clean with no visible inclusions;
CUT: Topaz crystals are usually columnar, and cut as oval or pear shapes to improve yield;
CARAT WEIGHT: Topaz often forms as large crystals. These can yield sizable cut gems~30.jpg

29 March 2019

OCTOBER BIRTHSTONES – TOURMALINE  have a wide variety of exciting colors with one of the widest color ranges of any gem. Tourmaline’s colors have many different causes. It’s generally agreed that traces of iron, and possibly titanium, induce green and blue colors. Manganese produces reds and pinks, and possibly yellows. Some pink and yellow tourmalines might owe their hues to color centers caused by radiation, which can be natural or laboratory-induced.
Mineral: Tourmaline;
Chemistry: Elbaite Na(Li1.5,Al1.5)Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4;
Dravite NaMg3Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4;
Liddicoatite Ca(Li2Al)Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3F;
Chromedravite NaMg3Cr6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4;
Color: All colors;
Refractive index: 1.624 to 1.644;
Birefringence: 0.018 to 0.040;
Specific gravity: 3.06 (+0.20, -0.06);
Mohs harness: 7 to 7.5;
COLOR: Tourmaline’s rainbow colors have a wide range of color intensity and tone;
CLARITY: Pink to red tourmaline often has more visible inclusions than green to blue varieties;
CUT: Tourmaline crystals are often long, leading cutters to cut slender finished stones;
CARAT WEIGHT: Tourmalines come in all shapes and sizes. The value change for size varies with the variety~29.jpg

28 March 2019

SEPTEMBER BIRTHSTONES – SAPPHIRE The name “sapphire” can also apply to any corundum that’s not ruby red, another corundum variety. Besides blue sapphire and ruby, the corundum family also includes so-called “fancy sapphires.” They come in violet, green, yellow, orange, pink, purple, and intermediate hues. Some stones exhibit the phenomenon known as color change, most often going from blue in daylight or fluorescent lighting to purple under incandescent light. Sapphires can even be gray, black, or brown.
Mineral: Corundum;
Chemistry: Al2O3;
Color: Every color but red;
Refractive index: 1.762 to 1.770;
Birefringence: 0.008 to 0.010;
Specific gravity: 4.00;
Mohs harness: 9;
COLOR: Sapphires come in a variety of colors. Preferred sapphires have strong to vivid color saturation, regardless of hue;
CLARITY: Blue sapphires typically have some inclusions, but they generally have better clarity than rubies;
CUT: Sapphire is often cut with a brilliant pattern on the crown and a step cut pattern on the pavilion;
CARAT WEIGHT: Blue sapphires range in size, and large blue sapphires are more readily available than large rubies~28.jpg

27 March 2019

AUGUST BIRTHSTONES – SPINEL The Black Prince’s Ruby. The Timur Ruby. For centuries, spinel, the great imposter, masqueraded as ruby in Europe’s crown jewels. Until recently, spinel was an underappreciated gem with little consumer recognition. Increasing demand for ruby alternatives rekindled appreciation for spinel’s rich red color and history. In ancient times, southeast Asia’s mines yielded exceptional large spinel crystals, which became the treasured property of kings and emperors, often passing through many hands as spoils of war.
Mineral: spinel;
Chemistry: MgAl2O4;
Color: red, orange, pink, purple, blue, black;
Refractive index: 1.718;
Birefringence: None;
Specific gravity: 3.60;
Mohs harness: 8;
COLOR: The most valued spinel colors are bright red, cobalt blue, and vivid pink and orange. Pale lavender is more affordable;
CLARITY: Spinel with no visible inclusions is preferred. The more prominent the inclusions, the less valuable the gem;
CUT: Spinel is most often cut in cushion and oval shapes. When properly proportioned it has excellent brilliance;
CARAT WEIGHT: Fine-color spinel is rare above five carats. Most fine-quality rough is cut to non-standard sizes to save weight;
AUGUST BIRTHSTONES – PERIDOT Found in lava, meteorites, and deep in the earth’s mantle, yellow-green peridot is the extreme gem. The ancient Egyptians mined peridot on the Red Sea island of Zabargad, the source for many large fine peridots in the world’s museums. The Egyptians called it the “gem of the sun.” Today this gem is still prized for its restful yellowish green hues and long history. Large strongly-colored, examples can be spectacular, and attractive smaller gems are available for jewelry at all price points.
Mineral: Olivine;
Chemistry: (MgFe)2SiO4;
Color:
Yellowish green;
Refractive index:
1.65 to 1.69;
Birefringence:
0.035 to 0.038;
Specific gravity:
3.34;
Mohs harness:
6.5 to 7;
COLOR:
Although the best peridot is a pure grass green, most peridot is yellowish-green;
CLARITY:
Most fine peridot is eye clean. Tiny black spots might be visible with magnification;
CUT:
Peridot is cut in a wide variety of styles, including ovals, emerald cuts, and cushions;
CARAT WEIGHT:
Large crystals of peridot have cut gems more than 50 carats in size~27.jpg

26 March 2019

JULY BIRTHSTONES – RUBY  is the most valuable variety of the corundum mineral species, which also includes sapphire. Rubies can command the highest per-carat price of any colored stone. This makes ruby one of the most important gems in the colored stone market. In its purest form, the mineral corundum is colorless. Trace elements that become part of the mineral’s crystal structure cause variations in its color. Chromium is the trace element that causes ruby’s red color.
Mineral: Corundum;
Chemistry: Al2O3;
Color: Red;
Refractive index: 1.762 to 1.770;
Birefringence: 0.008 to 0.010;
Specific gravity: 4.00 (+/- 0.05);
Mohs harness: 9;
COLOR: is the most significant factor affecting a ruby’s value: Fine gems are a pure, vibrant red to slightly purplish red;
CLARITY: If a ruby’s inclusions affect its transparency or brilliance they reduce the gem’s value significantly;
CUT: Rubies are commonly fashioned as mixed cuts, which have brilliant-cut crowns and step-cut pavilions;
CARAT WEIGHT: Fine-quality rubies over one carat are very rare and price goes up significantly as size increases~26.jpg

25 March 2019

JUNE BIRTHSTONES – ALEXANDRITE Green in sunlight. Red in lamplight. Color-changing alexandrite is nature’s magic trick. Often described by gem aficionados as “emerald by day, ruby by night,” alexandrite is the very rare color-change variety of the mineral chrysoberyl. Originally discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in the 1830s, it’s now found in Sri Lanka, East Africa, and Brazil, but fine material is exceptionally rare and valuable.
Mineral: Chrysoberyl;
Chemistry: BeAl2O4;
Color: Bluish green in daylight, purplish red in incandescent light;
Refractive index: 1.746 to 1.755;
Birefringence: 0.008 to 0.010;
Specific gravity: 3.73;
Mohs harness: 8.5;
COLOR: Fine alexandrite is green to bluish green in daylight and red to purplish red in incandescent light;
CLARITY: Good quality alexandrite has few inclusions. Rarely, needle-like inclusions create a cat’s-eye;
CUT: Alexandrite is most often available in mixed cuts. Its rarity means it is often cut to save weight;
CARAT WEIGHT: Most cut gems weigh less than one carat. Larger, higher-quality gems rise in price dramatically;
JUNE BIRTHSTONES – MOONSTONE A ghostly sheen moves under the surface of this feldspar, like moonlight glowing in water. Moonstone is a variety of the feldspar-group mineral orthoclase. During formation, orthoclase and albite separate into alternating layers. When light falls between these thin layers it is scattered producing the phenomenon called adularescence. Adularescence is the light that appears to billow across a gem. Other feldspar minerals can also show adularescence including labradorite and sanidine.
Mineral: Feldspar;
Chemistry: KAlSi3O8;
Color: Colorless to White, Gray, Green, Peach, Brown;
Refractive index: 1.518 to 1.526;
Birefringence: 0.05 to 0.008;
Specific gravity: 2.58;
Mohs harness: 6.0 to 6.5;
COLOR: The finest moonstone is a gem of glassy purity with a mobile, electric blue shimmer;
CLARITY: Characteristic inclusions include tiny tension cracks called centipedes;
CUT: As it displays moonstone’s phenomena to best advantage, cabochon is the common cut;
CARAT WEIGHT: Moonstone comes in a wide range of sizes and carat weights~25.jpg

24 March 2019

MAY BIRTHSTONES – EMERALD is the bluish green to green variety of beryl, a mineral species that includes aquamarine. Gem experts differ on the degree of green that makes one stone an emerald and another stone a less-expensive green beryl. Most gemologists, gemological laboratories, and colored stone dealers call a stone green beryl when its color is “too light” for it to be classified as emerald. Even among that group, however, there’s a difference of opinion about what’s considered “too light.”
Mineral: Beryl;
Chemistry: Be3Al2Si6O183;
Color: Vibrant green;
Refractive index: 1.577 to 1.583;
Birefringence: 0.005 to 0.009;
Specific gravity: 2.72;
Mohs harness: 7.5 to 8;
COLOR: The most desirable emerald colors are bluish green to pure green, with vivid color saturation;
CLARITY: In Emerald expect to see inclusions that dealers like to call an internal “jardin,” or garden;
CUT: Due to the crystal shape emeralds are commonly cut as rectangular step cuts called emerald cuts;
CARAT WEIGHT: Because its density is lower, a one-carat emerald will appear larger in size than a one-carat diamond~24

23 March 2019

APRIL BIRTHSTONES – DIAMOND are among nature’s most precious and beautiful creations.
Mineral: Diamond;
Chemistry: C;
Color: Colorless;
Refractive index: 2.42;
Birefringence: None;
Specific gravity: 3.52 (+/-0.01);
Mohs harness: 10;
COLOR: Clarity grades assess the number, size, relief, and position of inclusions and blemishes;
CLARITY: The less color, the higher the grade. Even the slightest hint can make a dramatic difference in value;
CUT: Cut (proportions, symmetry, and polish) is a measure of how a diamond’s facets interact with light;
CARAT WEIGHT: Rarity means larger diamonds of the same quality are worth more per carat~23.jpg

22 March 2019

MARCH BIRTHSTONES – AQUAMARINE  Named after seawater, aquamarine’s fresh watery hue is a cool plunge into a refreshing pool. Aquamarine’s name comes from the Latin for seawater and it was said to calm waves and keep sailors safe at sea. March’s birthstone was also thought to enhance the happiness of marriages. The best gems combine high clarity with limpid transparency and blue to slightly greenish blue hues. Like many beryls, aquamarine forms large crystals suitable for sizable fashioned gems and carvings.
Mineral: beryl;
Chemistry: Be3Al2Si6O18;
Color: greenish blue, light in tone;
Refractive index: 1.577 to 1.583;
Birefringence: 0.005 to 0.009;
Specific gravity: 2.72;
Mohs Hardness: 7.5 to 8.0;
COLOR: Aquamarine’s preferred color is a moderately strong dark blue to slightly greenish blue;
CLARITY: Most cut gems are eye-clean. Large examples are available without visible inclusions;
CUT: Because aquamarine’s color is light, cutting is important and well-cut gems show brilliance;
CARAT WEIGHT: Aquamarine crystals range from tiny to very large—some even up to 100 lbs~22.jpg

21 March 2019

FEBRUARY BIRTHSTONES – AMETHYST  The essence of the color purple, amethyst is beautiful enough for crown jewels yet affordable enough for class rings. Amethyst was as expensive as ruby and emerald until the 19th Century, when Brazil’s large deposits were discovered. It was believed to prevent intoxication—amethystos means “not drunk” in ancient Greek. Today, as the most valued quartz variety, amethyst is in demand for designer pieces and mass-market jewelry alike, and its purple to pastel hues retain wide consumer appeal.
Mineral: Quartz;
Chemistry: SiO2;
Color: Purple;
Refractive Index: 1.544 to 1.553;
Birefringence: 0.009;
Specific Gravity: 2.66;
Mohs Hardness: 7;
COLOR: The finest amethyst color is strong reddish purple to purple with no visible color zoning;
CLARITY: Most amethyst doesn’t have inclusions you can see without magnification;
CUT: Amethyst is cut into a variety of standard calibrated shapes, including rounds and ovals;
CARAT WEIGHT: Amethyst is available in all size ranges for setting into a variety of jewelry styles~21.jpg

20 March 2019

JANUARY BIRTHSTONES – GARNET  are a set of closely related minerals forming a group, with gemstones in almost every color. Red garnets have a long history, but modern gem buyers can pick from a rich palette of garnet colors: greens, oranges, pinkish oranges, deeply saturated purplish reds, and even some blues. Red garnet is one of the most common and widespread of gems. But not all garnets are as abundant as the red ones. A green garnet, tsavorite, is rarer and needs rarer rock chemistries and conditions to form.
Mineral: Garnet group;
Chemistry:
Almandine- Fe3Al2(SiO4)3;
Andradite- Ca3Fe2(SiO4)3;
Grossular- Ca3Al2(SiO4)3;
Pyrope- Mg3Al2(SiO4)3;
Rhodolite- (Mg, Fe)3Al2(SiO4)3;
Spessartine- Mn3Al2(SiO4)3;
Color: All colors;
Refractive index: 1.714-1.888;
Birefringence: None;
Specific gravity: 3.47-4.15;
Mohs harness: 6.5-7.5;
COLOR: Garnet includes affordable dark red varieties, rare and valuable greens, and many colors in between;
CLARITY: Garnet clarity often depends on garnet type. Red garnets often don’t have eye-visible inclusions;
CUT: Many garnets are cut into standard shapes and calibrated sizes to allow setting into manufactured jewelry;
CARAT WEIGHT: Garnets can be found in all sizes and weights, although some varieties are rare in large sizes~20.jpg

19 March 2019

MR SQUIGGLE 60TH ANNIVERSARY 2019 UNCIRCULATED 7-COIN SET Celebrate the 60th anniversary of one of ABC Television’s favourite characters with the Mr Squiggle 60th Anniversary 7-coin set. Featuring six current Australian coins and a special edition 1c coin, the 60th Anniversary Mr Squiggle 7-coin set features all your favourite characters.
COLOURED $2 AUSTRALIAN COINS EACH COLOURED TWO DOLLAR COIN FEATURES:
Mr Squiggle;
Blackboard;
Gus the Snail;
Bill the Steam Shovel;
$1 AUSTRALIAN COINS EACH ONE DOLLAR COIN FEATURES:
Mr Squiggle;
Rocket Ship;
SPECIAL EDITION 1C AUSTRALIAN COIN:
Features Mr Squiggle’s home – the Moon~19.jpg

17 March 2019

LET’S EAT FRANCE! 1,250 specialty foods, 375 iconic recipes, 350 topics, 260 personalities, plus hundreds of maps, charts, tricks, tips, and anecdotes and everything else you want to know about the food of France. There’s never been a book about food like Let’s Eat France! A book that feels literally larger than life, it is a feast for food lovers and Francophiles, combining the completist virtues of an encyclopedia and the obsessive visual pleasures of infographics with an enthusiast’s unbridled joy.
Here are classic recipes, including how to make a pot-au-feu, eight essential composed salads, pâté en croûte, blanquette de veau, choucroute, and the best ratatouille. Profiles of French food icons like Colette and Curnonsky, Brillat-Savarin and Bocuse, the Troigros dynasty and Victor Hugo. A region-by-region index of each area’s famed cheeses, charcuterie, and recipes. Poster-size guides to the breads of France, the wines of France, the oysters of France—even the frites of France. You’ll meet endive, the belle of the north; discover the croissant timeline; understand the art of tartare; find a chart of wine bottle sizes, from the tiny split to the Nebuchadnezzar (the equivalent of 20 standard bottles); and follow the family tree of French sauces.
Adding to the overall delight of the book is the random arrangement of its content (a tutorial on mayonnaise is next to a list of places where Balzac ate), making each page a found treasure. It’s a book you’ll open anywhere—and never want to close~17.jpg

16 March 2019

DIAMOND SHAPE Since all diamond cut styles are very different, unique characteristics determine quality for each shape.
Radiant-Cut Diamond:
Trimmed corners are the signature of this diamond, and they help make the radiant-cut a popular and versatile choice for jewellery. A radiant-cut looks equally beautiful set with either baguette or round side-diamonds. Radiant-cut diamonds can vary in their degree of rectangularity. To find the dimension of radiant you want, look for the length-to-width ratio in our interactive diamond search and on each diamond’s detail page. The length-to-width ratio will determine the diamond’s outline, or what it will look like when viewed from the top. For a radiant diamond shape that is square, look for length-to-width ratios between 1 and 1.05. If you prefer more of a rectangular shape, look for length-to-width ratios greater than 1.10;
Pear-Shaped Diamond:
This brilliant-cut diamond is also called a teardrop for its single point and rounded end. The unique look of the pear shape helps make it a popular choice for a variety of diamond jewellery. If you choose an elongated pear shape, the length of the diamond creates a subtle slimming effect on the fingers. To understand what the pear-shaped diamond will look like when viewing it from above, look for the length-to-width ratio on each diamond’s detail page. For the most traditional pear-shaped diamond, look for a length-to-width ratio between 1.45 and 1.75;
Cushion-Cut Diamond:
This unique shape has been popular for more than a century. Cushion-cut diamonds (also known as “pillow-cut” diamonds) have rounded corners and larger facets to increase their brilliance. These larger facets highlight the diamond’s clarity, so if you choose an SI clarity grade, be sure to review the clarity plot on the diamond certificate. Cushion-cut diamonds are available in shapes ranging from square to rectangular. To find the dimension of cushion diamond you want, look for the length-to-width ratio in our interactive diamond search and on each diamond’s detail page. The length-to-width ratio will determine the diamond’s outline, or what it will look like when viewed from the top. For a cushion-cut diamond that is square, look for length-to-width ratios between 1 and 1.05. If you prefer more of a rectangular shape, look for length-to-width ratios greater than 1.15~16.jpg

15 March 2019

DIAMOND SHAPE Since all diamond cut styles are very different, unique characteristics determine quality for each shape.
Asscher-Cut Diamond:
This beautifully unique shape is nearly identical to the emerald-cut, except that it is square. Also, the Asscher-cut diamond shape has a pavilion that is cut with rectangular facets in the same style as the emerald-cut. If you choose SI-clarity be sure to view the clarity plot on the diamond certificate, because this shape highlights the clarity of the diamond. When choosing a colour grade, consider that while the price of a J-colour non-round diamond is exceptional, colour may be slightly visible in its corners. All Asscher-cut diamonds from Blue Nile will appear square, because each one is guaranteed to have a length-to-width ratio between 1.00 and 1.05;
Marquise-Cut Diamond:
The shape of a marquise diamond can maximise carat weight, giving you a much larger-looking diamond. This brilliant-cut diamond looks beautiful set with round or pear-shaped side stones, and the length of the marquise diamond makes fingers appear long and slender. To find the dimension of marquise you want, look for the length-to-width ratio in our interactive diamond search and on each diamond’s detail page. The length-to-width ratio will determine the diamond’s outline, or what it will look like when viewed from the top. For the most traditional marquise-cut diamonds, look for length-to-width ratios between 1.75 and 2.25;
Oval-Cut Diamond:
An oval diamond has beautiful brilliance that’s similar to a round diamond. Oval diamonds are also very popular as their length can accentuate long, slender fingers. To find the dimension of oval you want, look for the length-to-width ratio in our interactive diamond search and on each diamond’s detail page. The length-to-width ratio will determine the oval diamond’s outline, or what it will look like when viewed from the top. For the most traditional oval-cut diamonds, look for length-to-width ratios between 1.33 and 1.66~15.jpg

14 March 2019

DIAMOND SHAPE Since all diamond cut styles are very different, unique characteristics determine quality for each shape.
Round-Cut Diamond:
The round brilliant cut diamond is by far the most popular and most researched diamond shape available today. For almost 100 years, diamond cutters have been using advanced theories of light behaviour and precise mathematical calculations to optimise the fire and brilliance in a round diamond. In addition to being the most popular and researched shape, round-cut diamonds will typically give you more flexibility in terms of balancing cut, colour, and clarity grades while still getting the fire and brilliance you want. To maximise the brilliance of a traditional round diamond, select one in the two highest cut grades, ideal or very good, and choose ideal, excellent, or very good polish and symmetry grades. For a round diamond with superior sparkle, consider an Astor by Blue Nile™;
Princess-Cut Diamond:
This is our most popular non-round diamond. Its beautiful brilliance and unique cut makes the princess-cut diamond a favourite for engagement rings. The princess has pointed corners and is traditionally square in shape. When choosing a colour grade, consider that while the price of a J-colour non-round diamond is exceptional, colour may be slightly visible in its corners. Also, princess-cut diamonds can vary greatly in how square or rectangular they are. To find the dimension of princess you want, look for the length-to-width ratio in our interactive diamond search and on each diamond’s detail page. This will determine what the diamond will look like when viewing it from above. Here are length-to-width ratios for princess-cut diamond shapes that are pleasing to the eye. For a princess diamond shape that is square, look for length-to-width ratios between 1 and 1.05. If you prefer more of a rectangular shape, look for length-to-width ratios greater than 1.10. For a princess diamond with superior sparkle, consider an Astor by Blue Nile™diamond;
Emerald-Cut Diamond:
What makes the emerald diamond shape different is its pavilion, which is cut with rectangular facets to create a unique optical appearance. Due to its larger, open table, this shape highlights the clarity of a diamond. If you choose an emerald-cut diamond with a lower clarity grade, such as SI, be sure to review the clarity plot on the diamond certificate. Also, emerald-cut diamonds can vary greatly in how rectangular they are. If you’d prefer an emerald cut with a squared outline, look for an Asscher-cut diamond. To find the shape of emerald diamond you want, look for the length-to-width ratio in our interactive diamond search and on each diamond’s detail page. The length-to-width ratio will determine the diamond’s outline, or what it will look like when viewed from the top. For the classic emerald-cut shape, look for a length-to-width ratio between 1.30 and 1.40~14.jpg

 

13 March 2019

DIAMOND CARAT is often misunderstood and refers to a diamond’s weight, not necessarily its size. When comparing diamond carat sizes, take a diamond’s cut into consideration as well: a high-carat diamond with a poor cut grade may look smaller, often cut deeper, than a diamond with smaller carat weight and a better cut;
A Diamond’s Top Diameter:
It is important to measure, in millimeters, the distance across the top (diameter) of the diamond as this is how it is viewed when set into a ring;
A Diamond’s Cut Grade:
A diamond’s cut grade should also be considered. When a diamond is well cut (grades Very Good or higher), the light reflected out of the top making it appear larger;
How do these two Carat Weight factors help when purchasing a diamond:
The diamond’s diameter and cut grade reveal that smaller carat weight diamonds will appear larger with higher cut grades (Very Good and Ideal). On the flip side, a larger carat weight diamond could appear smaller with lower cut grades (Good, Fair and Poor)~13.jpg

12 March 2019

DIAMOND CLARITY is the assessment of small imperfections on the surface and internally. The surface flaws are called blemishes, and internal defects are known as inclusions. These tiny, natural blemishes and inclusions are microscopic and do not affect a diamond’s beauty in any way. Diamonds with the least and smallest inclusions receive the highest clarity grades. Clarity is one of the 4Cs of diamond grading and quality. Diamond clarity is the least important factor when choosing to buy a diamond because most diamonds have blemishes and small inclusions that are microscopic, unable to be seen with an untrained or unaided eye.
Flawless (FL) Diamonds:
Inclusions and blemishes aren’t visible on flawless diamonds, even under 10x magnification. Less than 1% of all diamonds are FL clarity. A flawless diamond is incredibly rare because it’s nearly impossible to find a diamond 100% free of inclusions. Six percent of customers buy FL diamonds;
Internally Flawless (IF) Diamonds:
Inclusions aren’t visible in internally flawless diamonds under 10x magnification. Some small surface blemishes may be visible on IF diamonds. Six percent of customers buy IF diamonds;
VVS1, VVS2 Very Very Slightly Included (VVS) Diamonds:
VVS diamonds have miniscule inclusions that are difficult even for trained eyes to see under 10x magnification. VVS2 clarity diamonds have slightly more inclusions than the VVS1 grade. A VVS diamond is an excellent quality diamond and clarity grade. Twenty-one percent of customers buy VVS diamonds;
VS1, VS2 Very Slightly Included (VS) Diamonds:
VS diamonds have minor inclusions that cannot be seen without 10x magnification. VS1 is a higher clarity grade than VS2, which may have some visible inclusions. A VS grade diamond is less expensive than a VVS diamond. Forty-three percent of customers buy VS diamonds;
SI2, SI1 Slightly Included (SI) Diamonds:
Inclusions are noticeable at 10x magnification with SI diamonds, the best value diamonds. With SI1 diamonds, inclusions are sometimes visible to the keen eye without magnification. SI2 clarity grade diamond inclusions are usually visible from the pavilion, or cone-shaped lower portion, and from the top. Thirty percent of all diamond customers buy SI diamonds;
I1 Included Diamonds:
I1 diamonds have minor inclusions that may be visible to the naked eye. Blue Nile offers a limited selection of jewellery preset with I1 diamonds;
I2, I3 Heavily Included Diamonds:
I2 and I3 diamonds may have more obvious inclusions at 10x and may be visible to the naked eye. Blue Nile does not carry I2 or I3 diamonds~12.jpg

11 March 2019

DIAMOND COLOUR is the second most important characteristic to consider when choosing a diamond. The highest quality diamonds are colourless, while those of lower quality have noticeable colour, which manifests as pale yellow in diamonds.
The Gemmological Institute of America (GIA) grades diamond colour on a scale of D (colourless) to Z (light yellow or brown). D-Z diamonds are also known as white diamonds, even though most diamonds, including H colour diamonds and G colour diamonds, have varying amounts of colour;
D Colour Diamonds (Absolutely Colourless):
D colour diamond is the highest grade and is extremely rare—the highest colour grade that money can buy. Eight percent of customers choose a D colour diamond;
E Colour Diamond (Colourless):
Like D colour diamonds, E colour diamonds are quite rare and have minute traces of colour largely unnoticeable to an untrained eye. It takes an expert gemmologist to detect the minute traces of colour in this grade. Sixteen percent of customers choose an E colour grade diamond;
F Colour Diamond (Colourless):
Only a gemmologist can detect the minute colour differences between E, F, and D colour diamonds. F colour diamonds are comparable to D or E colour diamonds. The whitest of white diamonds, D-F colour diamonds, pair well with white gold or platinum settings. Twenty percent of customers choose an F colour diamond;
G Colour Diamond (Colourless):
In G colour diamonds, the very slight warm and light yellow tone is difficult to detect unless compared side-by-side with diamonds of better grades. An excellent value, this colour grade pairs well with yellow gold. Eighteen percent of customers choose a G colour diamond;
H Colour Diamond (Colourless):
The faint yellow hue is also difficult to detect in H colour diamonds, which are an excellent value and pair well with yellow gold settings. The colour difference between H colour diamonds and G colour diamonds is very difficult to detect unless compared side-by-side against diamonds of higher colour grades. Fifteen percent of customers choose an H colour diamond;
I Colour Diamond (Colourless):
Still a great value, the slight yellow tint of I colour diamonds are only detected when compared side-by-side with diamonds of H grades or higher. This colour grade also pairs well with yellow gold. Fifteen percent of customers choose an I colour diamond;
J Colour Diamond (Colourless):
A good value, the naked eye can’t easily detect the light yellow tone unless compared side-by-side with diamonds of I grades or higher. J colour grade diamonds pair well with yellow gold ring settings. Eight percent of customers choose a J colour diamond;
K-Z Colour Diamonds (Faint to Light Colour):
From K colour diamonds on, colour is visible to the naked eye. Most feel these diamonds have too much of a warm colour. K colour diamonds are usually half the price of G colour diamonds. Blue Nile does not carry K-Z colour diamonds;
Yellow colour Diamonds:
comes from the presence of nitrogen in their composition. The nitrogen molecules absorb blue light, making the stone a yellow shade. Depending on the amount of nitrogen, a yellow diamond could range from light to dark~11.jpg

10 March 2019

DIAMOND CUT is the most important element to consider when buying a diamond. The cut is the biggest factor in creating sparkle and fire, and without a high cut grade even a diamond of high quality can appear dull and lifeless. A diamond cut poorly and too deep can face-up smaller than it actually is;
LESS THAN 1% – Astor by Blue Nile:
Every Astor by Blue Nile Diamond is cut to gather and reflect the most light possible. Light performance is measured by three factors: brilliance, fire and sparkle. Fewer than 15 out of every 10,000 diamonds qualify as an Astor by Blue Nile diamond;
TOP 3% – Ideal Cut:
This rare cut represents roughly the top 3% of diamond cut quality. It reflects most light that enters the diamond;
TOP 15% – Very Good Cut:
This cut represents roughly the top 15% of diamond cut quality. It reflects nearly as much light as the ideal cut, but for a lower price;
TOP 25% – Good Cut:
This cut represents roughly the top 25% of diamond cut quality. It reflects most light that enters, but not as much as a Very Good cut grade;
TOP 35% – Poor/Fair Cut:
Represents roughly the top 35% of diamond cut quality. These diamonds tend to appear dull or glassy. Low grade not offered by Blue Nile~10.jpg

9 March 2019

BIBO BARMAID SYSTEM includes the appliance, cocktail shaker with shot glass and 3 cocktail mixes (Margarita, Cucumber Melon Martini and Tangerine Appliance. They system allows you to make great cocktails in the convenience of your home;
● Entertaining a crowd or a single serving, the Bibo Barmaid Smart Cocktail Machine lets you can enjoy mixologist-crafted cocktails in less than 20 seconds. Bibo Smart technology makes the perfect drink – every time;
● With Bibo, making great cocktails is fun and easy. Cleans up with just the touch of a button; eliminates waste – no more half used mixers; sleek, compact design display and store easily;
● Measures 16.4″ L x 8.3″ W x 15.4″ H~9.jpg

8 March 2019

SAMSUNG GALAXY FOLD
The main highlight of the Galaxy Fold is that it has two displays — one on the outside and another that’s revealed when you open the phone up.
The outer display is a 4.6-inch HD+ Super AMOLED panel with a 21:9 aspect ratio. The inner/main display of the Galaxy Fold is a large 7.3-inch QXGA+ Dyanic AMOLED canvas with a form factor of 4.2:3.
You can use the outer display for anything you’d regularly use your phone for, including texting, making calls, spending endless hours on Twitter, you name it. However, the big draw to the Galaxy Fold is that you can open it up and get a tablet-like experience in a device you can easily fit in your pocket~8.jpg

6 March 2019

HUAWEI MATE X even managed to turn some sceptics into bendy phone believers. Foldable screens aren’t like notches. They’re not just some incremental stepping stone on the way to achieving a bigger goal like an all-screen phone. Flexible displays have the power to transform the way people create and design entire categories of gadgets, most notably wearables and phones~6.jpg

5 March 2019

RAYMAY HANDY MICROSCOPE ハンディ顕微鏡 DX
Discover the world up-close with this award-winning portable microscope! It combines transmitted light and reflected light microscopy to look at both prepared slides and everyday objects like plants or fabric. Its lightweight body and attached strap make it perfect for carrying with you to examine your surroundings.
To view prepared slides with transmitted light, place the clear plastic light panel underneath the microscope. Flip the panel up along the back of the microscope to view opaque objects using reflected light or simply to use the microscope as a flashlight. Move the knob along the dial to adjust the magnification from 100x to 250x, and use the ridged dial to adjust the focus. Press the LED button to switch the LED light on and off, or press the UV button on to view objects under UV light~5.jpg

3 March 2019

NINTENDO SWITCH SUPER MARIO PARTY GAME
The original board game style has been kicked up a notch with deeper strategic elements, like specific Dice Blocks for each character. The game also introduces all-new ways to play, including Joy-Con controller enabled minigames, and new modes to enjoy with family and friends. Board game play goes back to the four-player basics as you take turns and race across the board searching for Stars. You can also pair up two Nintendo Switch systems and delight in this dynamic play style, such as in the new Toad’s Rec Room mode. With new modes and new minigames coupled with original board game play, the party starts anywhere, anytime, and with all kinds of players~3.jpg

2 March 2019

NINTENDO SWITCH is designed to go wherever you do, transforming from home console to portable system in a snap. So you get more time to play the games you love, however you like. It’s a new era where you don’t have to adjust your lifestyle to play games – instead, your console adjusts to fit around your lifestyle. Enjoy games anytime, anywhere, with anyone, with flexible and free play modes~02.jpg

1 March 2019

MAISEL’S WEISSE ALKOHOLFREI NON ALCOHOLIC WHEAT BEER alcohol free is vitamin rich, isotonic and full of flavour. It’s the ideal fitness and wellness drink for the active and nutrition-conscious wheat beer connoisseur. With a specially developed brewing method, the brewing masters succeeded in gently removing the alcohol while keeping the characteristic properties of Maisel’s Weisse. A delicious cloudy wheat beer with a unique glowing amber colour and a spicy fruity taste. Only the best ingredients are selected for Maisel’s Weisse. That’s clear Fichtelgebirge spring water, Hallertau hops, best brewing salts and – this is what wheat beer is all about – the unique Maisel cellar yeast. Alongside Maisel’s Weisse Wheat Beer alcohol free enjoy 3 other great wheat beers in the Dry Drinker Big Brew Mixed Wheat taster pack. Enjoy Paulaner Alcohol Free Wheat Beer (0.5% ABV), then Schneider Weisse (0.5% ABV), finally Erdinger Alkoholfrei Wheat Beer (0.5% ABV). Isotonic drinks can quickly replace the fluids, salts and minerals we lose when sweating. Indeed, they are easy for our systems to take on board. So, you could settle for a sugary sports drink after exercise – or reach for a tasty and isotonic low-alcohol beer instead.
Ingredients: water, wheat and barley malt, fermented carbonic acid, yeast, hops~01.jpg